Hormone Insulin is both a muscle building and a fat-storing hormone. Its primary duty is to lower blood sugar by shuttling glucose (sugar) into the cells where some will be used as energy and the leftover will be stored as glycogen in the liver and muscle which will be stored as fat.
The hormone insulin is released in a large quantity when carbohydrates particularly sweet and starchy carbohydrates are consumed. Get More Info on how this affects your body through this link.
Protein also releases the hormone insulin but not as much as carbohydrates. The amino acids from protein will raise insulin but not to the same degree as carbohydrates.
Furthermore, the amino acids cause the release of glucagon. Glucagon resists the fat-storing action of insulin. This will cause the hormone insulin to shuttle the amino acids into the muscle cells instead.
In addition to muscle storage, amino acids will make enzymes, repair tissue, and be used as energy.
Fat on the other hand does not stimulate an insulin release when consumed by itself. However, when fat is combined with carbohydrates, the insulin release is magnified more than if carbohydrates were eaten without fat.
The Hormone Insulin Is 1st Released When It Enters The Mouth
There is some insulin released when food makes contact with the tongue. The amount of insulin that is released will depend on the strength of the sweetness of the food. The most intense sweeteners are synthetic sweeteners. They have a sweetness greater than that of table sugar. Sugar alcohols are less sweet and will have the same or lower insulin response than table sugar.
How The Hormone Insulin Reacts To Synthetics Sweeteners
Diet sodas will raise the hormone insulin without incoming sugar and causes more of a problem for fat loss. Here’s the reason why… Since diet sodas have synthetic sweeteners that do not contain sugar, you will still have a significant insulin release due to their sweetness.
However, you will not be receiving incoming glucose. With this significant insulin spike being released into the blood, its primary job will be to lower sugar levels. But since there was no incoming sugar, the blood sugar level will dramatically drop. This blood sugar drop will in turn trigger the body to signal the brain to eat more, causing cravings and hunger and help increase and balance the blood sugar level. Basically, you eat more calories to help balance blood sugar levels caused by diet sodas and other nutrients that contain synthetics sweeteners.
The Hormone Insulin Summary
- Synthetic Sweeteners
- Drop-in blood sugar resulting in hunger and cravings
- Synthetic Sweeteners With Carbohydrates
- More insulin released than carbohydrates by themselves, resulting in more fat storage
- Carbohydrates Only
Causes an insulin response resulting in increased glycogen storage, increased fat storage and decreased fat burning.
Carbohydrates With Fat
The same issues as carbohydrates only except twice as potent.
Insulin and glucagon are released. Amino acids being turned into glucose for energy usage or to repair and build enzymes. And extra amino are stored in the muscle, especially when weight training.
The average meal is a combination of fat, carbohydrates, and protein. Anytime you add protein or fat with carbohydrates, you elevate the release of the hormone insulin.